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Sunday, October 21, 2012

Using Positive Psychology and Science of Happiness in Treating Chronic Medical Problems

http://pinterest.com/amashhadian/positive-psychology-science-of-happiness/
Happiness encompasses many different emotional and mental phenomena. Positive Psychology is the scientific study of the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. This field of psychology has seen tremendous growth over the past decade.

Happiness tended to spread through close relationships like friends, siblings, spouses, and next-door neighbors, and the researchers reported that happiness spread more consistently than unhappiness through the network. Moreover, the structure of the social network appeared to have an impact on happiness, as people who were very central (with many friends, and friends of friends) were significantly more likely to be happy than those on the periphery of the network. People who are close with others that are happy are more likely to be happy themselves. Overall, the results suggest that happiness can spread through a population like a virus. Having a best friend buffers one's negative life experiences. When one's best friend is present Cortisol levels are decreased and feelings of self-worth increase.

There is evidence suggesting that negative emotions can be damaging. In an article titled "The undoing effect of positive emotions", Barbara Fredrickson et al. hypothesize that positive emotions undo the cardiovascular effects of negative emotions. When people experience stress, they show increased heart rate, higher blood sugar, immune suppression, and other adaptations optimized for immediate action. If individuals do not regulate these changes once the stress is past, they can lead to illness, coronary heart disease, and heightened mortality. Both lab research and survey research indicate that positive emotions help people who were previously under stress relax back to their physiological baseline. Other research shows that improved mood is one of the various benefits of physical exercise.

During new few weeks, I will write on different aspects of happiness and will provide you with step by step guide to help you accomplish daily activities with more positive energy.

Here are 5 ways to become more successful / winner:

1. Be proactive. For example, before going to the party evaluate where,why, who - what if you did not like it?
2. Find new friends
3. Be a roll model
4. Be concise - don't drag a small issue for ever.
5. Keep your brain bussy with stuff you are passionate about.





http://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu has great resources on improving happiness. Please take few minutes and do the self assessment tests for free. Click Here

Wikipedia.org has more information about the history of positive psychology. For more information please click here
What can you do to feel more successful/winner?

Saturday, October 6, 2012

Common RISK FACTORS of Osteoporosis in Young Ages



http://pinterest.com/amashhadian/osteoporosis/
Please click here for accessing patient tutorial 
Osteoporosis is a common condition where bones become weak, affecting both men and women, mainly as they grow older. It is a "silent" condition where the bones are weak and prone to fracture.

While osteoporosis is most common in older people, it sometimes affects young people, including premenopausal women in their 20s, 30s and 40s. One of the most common causes of low bone density in premenopausal women is low peak bone mass. 

Female gender is a risk factor for low peak bone mass. In addition, certain ethnicities (especially Caucasian and Asian women) are more likely to have lower peak bone mass than African American women. Knowing your family history is important. If either of your parents had osteoporosis, you are more likely to have lower peak bone mass. Eating a well-balanced diet that contains enough calcium is important for people of all ages, especially children, teenagers and young adults. To absorb calcium, the body also needs vitamin D. Girls and young women who do not get enough calcium and vitamin D may have low peak bonemass. Weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises can help girls and young women have strong and healthy bones. E

Other risk factors include:
- Low body weight
- Infrequent menstrual periods/Low estrogen levels
Not getting enough physical activity
- Smoking and drinking alcohol. Smoking is bad for your bones
Past medical history of certain digestive disorders, hyperthyroidism and depression
- Taking certain medicines such as prednisone and cortisone



Rheumatology.org has great patient educational material on osteoporosis. For more information please click here

What age were you diagnosed with osteoporosis and what are you doing to improve your health?